|1794 March 27||The Naval Armament Act authorizes the construction of six frigates|
|1794–1797||Under construction at Edmund Hartt's Shipyard, Boston|
|1797 October 21||USS Constitution launched|
|1798 July 22||Sails from Boston to Caribbean on first cruise|
|1798–1801||Quasi-War with France; West India Squadron flagship, 1799–1801|
|1801–1803||In ordinary and repair, Boston
(To say that a ship was “in ordinary” meant that it was temporarily out of commission in a dry dock or harbor. When ships were placed in ordinary crews removed their masts, rigging, sails, and guns, and stored them ashore. Today, a ship in a similar state is said to be “mothballed.”)
|1803–1805||Barbary War, Mediterranean Squadron flagship|
|1805–1807||Mediterranean Squadron flagship|
|1807–1809||Repair in New York|
|1809–1810||Flagship of the “northern division of ships for the protection of the American coast.”|
|June 1810–1811||Northern Squadron, Captain Isaac Hull in command|
|Aug. 1811–Feb. 1812||Voyage to France, England, and Holland|
|1816–1821||In ordinary and repair, Boston|
|1821–1824||Mediterranean Squadron flagship|
|1828–1831||In ordinary, Boston|
|1832–1835||Undergoes significant refit, Boston|
|Mar. to June 1835||Voyage to France with Minister to France Edward Livingston|
|Aug. 1835–July 1838||Mediterranean Squadron flagship|
|April 1839–Nov. 1841||Pacific Squadron flagship|
|Nov. 1842–Feb. 1843||Home Squadron flagship|
|May 1844–Sept. 1846||Around the World Cruise – sailed 52,370.5 miles|
|1846–1848||In ordinary and repair, Boston|
|Oct. 1848–1851||Mediterranean Squadron|
|1849 August 1||Pope Pius IX visits ship at Gaeta, Italy|
|1851–1853||In ordinary and repair, New York|
|Mar. 1853–June 1855||
|June 1855–July 1857||In ordinary, Portsmouth, NH|
|July 1857–Aug. 1860||Refit and converted to school ship, Portsmouth, NH|
|Aug. 1860–Sept. 1871||School ship, U. S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD & Newport, RI
(USS Constitution returned to Annapolis with the Naval Academy Civil War ended)
|1871–1872||In ordinary, Philadelphia, PA|
|1873–Jan. 1877||Refit, Philadelphia, PA|
|1877||Training ship, Philadelphia, PA|
|1878–1879||Transports U.S. exhibits to Paris Exposition|
|1879–1881||Apprentice Training Squadron|
|1881–1882||In ordinary, New York|
|1882–1897||Receiving ship, Portsmouth, NH|
|Sept. 1897||Returns to Boston for 100th birthday|
|1897–1906||On exhibition, Boston|
|1931–1934||National Cruise (three-coast tour), returns to Boston|
|1998||USS Constitution Bicentennial Salute
|2008-2010||Restoration to return ship closer to 1812 appearance|
|2012||Bicentennial of the War of 1812|
Desy, Margherita. "Constitution: Where was she at 100?" Nautical Research Journal 42, no. 3 (September 1997): 145–153.
Marden, Luis. "Restoring Old Ironsides." National Geographic 191, no. 6 (June 1997): 38–53.
Martin, Tyrone G. Creating a Legend. Chapel Hill, N.C.: Tyron Publishing Co., 1997.
_____. A Most Fortunate Ship. Annapolis, Maryland: The Naval Institute Press, 1997.
_____. Undefeated: Old Ironsides in the War of 1812. Chapel Hill, N.C.: Tyron Publishing Co., 1997.
Morrison, Christopher H. "Technical Aspects of Preparing 'Old Ironsides' to Sail Again." Nautical Research Journal 42, no. 3 (September 1997): 154–61.
Rand, Anne Grimes. "'Old Ironsides' in War in Peace." The New England Journal of History. 53, no. 1 (Spring 1996): 14–31.